Automation in flexible manufacturing takes a dominant role in the areas of automatic modification of tools, pallets, workpieces, etc. ensuring an increase in the machine's ability to perform work without human presence. Different and unique applications depend on the requirements of process automation and the machine used for pallet systems, robotic arms, manipulation tables, basic types of pallet changers, pallet storage systems and in general automatic workpiece change systems.
The degree of automation that can be applied in a particular case depends significantly on the quantity of products and the time required for these products, as well as on the range, complexity and dimensions of the workpieces. Examples of special manipulation devices are shown in several examples that follow:
The variety of pallet changers in the industry is great. Pallets are the basic element that connects all other elements in the production process. The main advantage of pallets is that they can be used both in the transport of workpieces and in their storage. The role of the pallet changer is to transfer the workpieces from the warehouse to the machine and to the pallet changer. One such hybrid pallet changer intended for connecting multiple machines is shown in the figure.
The presented pallet robot has a unique performance in terms of load capacity and range. It is adapted to the narrow and cramped spaces characteristic of machine tools and 5-axis machining centers with pallet systems. It replaces the role of a pallet changer and manipulator for transporting pallets into storage space or connecting multiple machines with different pallet dimensions. Suitable for building complex production systems. Dimensions, shape and configuration can be adapted to customer needs.
The variety of processes and requirements for their automation require the adaptation of existing devices or the design and construction of new forms of devices and devices for manipulation, orientation and positioning.